Your Linux Machine Can Be Hacked Remotely With Just A Malicious DNS Response

Your Linux Machine Can Be Hacked Remotely With Just A Malicious DNS Response 

A critical vulnerability has been discovered in Systemd, the popular init system and service manager for Linux operating systems, that could allow remote attackers to potentially trigger a buffer overflow to execute malicious code on the targeted machines via a DNS response.

The vulnerability, designated as CVE-2017-9445, actually resides in the 'dns_packet_new' function of 'systemd-resolved,' a DNS response handler component that provides network name resolution to local applications.

According to an advisory published Tuesday, a specially crafted malicious DNS response can crash 'systemd-resolved' program remotely when the system tries to lookup for a hostname on an attacker-controlled DNS service.

 Eventually, large DNS response overflows the buffer, allowing an attacker to overwrite the memory which leads to remote code execution.

This means the attackers can remotely run any malware on the targeted system or server via their evil DNS service.

"In systemd through 233, certain sizes passed to dns_packet_new in systemd-resolved can cause it to allocate a buffer that's too small," explains Chris Coulson, Ubuntu developer at Canonical. 

 "A malicious DNS server can exploit this by responding with a specially crafted TCP payload to trick systemd-resolved into allocating a buffer that's too small, and subsequently write arbitrary data beyond the end of it."

This vulnerability has been present since Systemd version 223 introduced in June 2015 and is present in all the way up to, including Systemd version 233 launched in March this year.

Of course, systemd-resolved must be running on your system for it to be vulnerable. The bug is present in Ubuntu versions 17.04 and version 16.10; Debian versions Stretch (aka Debian 9), Buster (aka 10) and Sid (aka Unstable); and various other Linux distributions that use Systemd.

Security patches have been rolled out to address the issue, so users and system administrators are strongly recommended to install them and update their Linux distros as soon as possible.
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Petya Ransomware Hits Banks, Telecom, Businesses & Power Companies

Petya Ransomware Hits Banks, Telecom, Businesses & Power Companies

Petya ransomware has already infected — Russian state-owned oil giant Rosneft, Ukrainian state electricity suppliers, "Kyivenergo" and "Ukrenergo," in past few hours.

"We were attacked. Two hours ago, we had to turn off all our computers. We are waiting for permission from Ukraine's Security Service (SBU) to switch them back on," Kyivenergo's press service said. 

There are reports from several banks, including National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) and Oschadbank, as well as other companies confirming they have been hit by the Petya ransomware attacks.

Maersk, an international logistics company, has also confirmed on Twitter that the latest Petya ransomware attacks have shut down its IT systems at multiple locations and business units. "We can confirm that Maersk IT systems are down across multiple sites and business units.

We are currently asserting the situation. The safety of our employees, our operations and customers' business is our top priority. We will update when we have more information," the company said.

The ransomware also impacts multiple workstations at Ukrainian branch's mining company Evraz.

 The most severe damages reported by Ukrainian businesses also include compromised systems at Ukraine's local metro and Kiev's Boryspil Airport.

Three Ukrainian telecommunication operators, Kyivstar, LifeCell, Ukrtelecom, are also affected in the latest Petya attack.

How Petya Ransomware Spreading So Fast?

Symantec, the cyber security company, has also confirmed that Petya ransomware is exploiting SMBv1 EternalBlue exploit, just like WannaCry, and taking advantage of unpatched Windows machines.

"Petya ransomware successful in spreading because it combines both a client-side attack (CVE-2017-0199) and a network based threat (MS17-010),"

security researcher using Twitter handle ‏HackerFantastic tweeted. EternalBlue is a Windows SMB exploit leaked by the infamous hacking group Shadow Brokers in its April data dump, who claimed to have stolen it from the US intelligence agency NSA, along with other Windows exploits.

 Microsoft has since patched the vulnerability for all versions of Windows operating systems, but many users remain vulnerable, and a string of malware variants are exploiting the flaw to deliver ransomware and mine cryptocurrency. Just three days ago, we reported about the latest WannaCry attack that hit Honda Motor Company and around 55 speed and traffic light cameras in Japan and Australia, respectively.

Well, it is quite surprising that even after knowing about the WannaCry issue for quite a decent amount of time, big corporates and companies have not yet implemented proper security measures to defend against such threat.
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How to Protect Yourself from Ransomware Attacks petya-ransomware-attack

How to Protect Yourself from Ransomware Attacks petya-ransomware-attack 
What to do immediately? Go and apply those goddamn patches against EternalBlue (MS17-010) and disable the unsecured, 30-year-old SMBv1 file-sharing protocol on your Windows systems and servers.

Since Petya Ransomware is also taking advantage of WMIC and PSEXEC tools to infect fully-patched Windows computers, you are also advised to disable WMIC (Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line).

Prevent Infection & Petya Kill-Switch

Researcher finds Petya ransomware encrypt systems after rebooting the computer. So if your system is infected with Petya ransomware and it tries to restart, just do not power it back on.

"If machine reboots and you see this message, power off immediately! This is the encryption process. If you do not power on, files are fine." ‏HackerFantastic tweeted. "Use a LiveCD or external machine to recover files" 

 PT Security, a UK-based cyber security company and Amit Serper from Cybereason, have discovered a Kill-Switch for Petya ransomware. According to a tweet, company has advised users to create a file i.e. "C:\Windows\perfc" to prevent ransomware infection.

 To safeguard against any ransomware infection, you should always be suspicious of unwanted files and documents sent over an email and should never click on links inside them unless verifying the source.

To always have a tight grip on your valuable data, keep a good back-up routine in place that makes their copies to an external storage device that isn't always connected to your PC.

Moreover, make sure that you run a good and effective anti-virus security suite on your system, and keep it up-to-date. Most importantly, always browse the Internet safely.
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WikiLeaks Reveals How CIA Malware Tracks Geo-Location of its Targeted

 WikiLeaks Reveals How CIA Malware Tracks Geo-Location of its Targeted
WikiLeaks has just published a new batch of the ongoing Vault 7 leak, and this time the whistleblowing website has unveiled a classified malware for that tracks geo-location of targeted PCs and laptops running the Microsoft Windows operating system. In short, the malware does it by capturing the IDs of nearby public hotspots and then matching them with the global database of public Wi-Fi hotspots’ locations.
Dubbed ELSA, the alleged CIA's project consists of two main elements: the processing component (Operator Terminal) and the implant (Windows Target) which is typically being deployed on a target Windows host. Here's How the CIA's ELSA Malware Works The Elsa system first installs the malware on a targeted WiFi-enabled machine using separate CIA exploits to gain persistent access on the device.

The malware then uses Wi-Fi hardware of the infected computer to scan nearby visible WiFi access points (AP) and records their ESSID – stands for Extended Service Set Identifier (IEEE 802.11 wireless networking), MAC address and signal strength at regular intervals. In order to perform this data collection, the ELSA malware does not require the targeted computer to be connected to the Internet. Instead, it only requires the malware to be running on a device with Wi-Fi enabled.

 "If [the target device] is connected to the internet, the malware automatically tries to use public geo-location databases from Google or Microsoft to resolve the position of the device and stores the longitude and latitude data along with the timestamp," WikiLeaks notes.

The collected information is then stored in encrypted form on the targeted device for later exfiltration. The CIA malware itself doesn't beacon (transfer) this data to the agency's server, instead, the operator (CIA hacker) downloads the encrypted log files from the device using separate CIA exploits and backdoors. The operator then decrypts the log files and performs further analysis on their target.

The ELSA project allows CIA hackers to customize or modify the implant depending upon the target environment and operational objectives such as "sampling interval, the maximum size of the log file and invocation/persistence method." The CIA hacker (operator) then uses additional back-end software to match collected access point data from exfiltrated log files with public geolocation databases (from Google and Microsoft) and finds the exact location of their target.

Previous Vault 7 CIA Leaks Last week, WikiLeaks dumped an alleged CIA tool suite for Microsoft Windows, dubbed Brutal Kangaroo, that targets closed networks or air-gapped computers within an organization or enterprise without requiring any direct access. Since March, the whistleblowing group has published 12 batches of "Vault 7" series, which includes the latest and last week leaks, along with the following batches:

Cherry Blossom – a CIA's framework, basically a remotely controllable firmware-based implant, used for monitoring the Internet activity of the targeted systems by exploiting vulnerabilities in Wi-Fi devices.

Pandemic – a CIA's project that allowed the agency to turn Windows file servers into covert attack machines that can silently infect other computers of interest inside a targeted network. Athena – A CIA's spyware framework that has been designed to take full control over the infected Windows PCs remotely, and works against every version of Microsoft's Windows operating systems, from Windows XP to Windows 10.

AfterMidnight and Assassin – Two apparent CIA malware frameworks for the Microsoft Windows platform that has been designed to monitor and report back actions on the infected remote host computer and execute malicious actions.

 Archimedes – A man-in-the-middle attack tool allegedly developed by the agency to target computers inside a Local Area Network (LAN).

 Scribbles – Software supposedly designed to embed 'web beacons' into confidential documents, allowing the CIA to track insiders and whistleblowers.

Grasshopper – A framework that allowed the CIA to easily create custom malware for breaking into Microsoft's Windows and bypassing antivirus protection.

Marble – Disclosed the source code of a secret anti-forensic framework used by the agency to hide the actual source of its malware. Dark Matter – Hacking exploits the CIA designed to target iPhones and Macs.

Weeping Angel – Spying tool used by the spy agency to infiltrate smart TV's, transforming them into covert microphones. Year Zero – CIA hacking exploits for popular hardware and software.

Source: TheHackerNews.
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Microsoft's Private Windows 10 Internal Builds and Partial Source Code Leaked Online

Microsoft's Private Windows 10 Internal Builds and Partial Source Code Leaked Online
A massive archive of Microsoft's top-secret Windows 10 builds, and the source codes for private software has been reportedly leaked online, which could lead to a nasty wave of Windows 10 exploits, journalist at the Reg claims.

The Leaked files – uploaded on BetaArchive website – contains more than 32 terabytes of data, which includes many non-public Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 builds created by Microsoft engineers for testing purpose.

Interestingly, Windows 10 internal builds include private debugging symbols defined by the engineers usually to help other in-house developers understand how some specific codes in the operating system works and what functions it calls, the Register reports.

Private debugging symbols reveal some sensitive in-depth knowledge about the operating system that could be used by exploit writers to find vulnerabilities.

Moreover, the dump also contains Microsoft's Shared Source Kit, which includes source code for Windows 10 hardware drivers, such as:

    Plug-and-Play system
    USB Stacks
    Wi-Fi Stacks
    Storage Drivers
    ARM-specific OneCore kernel code

According to Microsoft's website, Shared Source Kit is available only for "qualified customers, enterprises, governments, and partners for debugging and reference purposes."

However, BetaArchive says that the leak is just 1.2GB in size and now has been removed.from its servers.

“We have removed it from our FTP and listings pending further review just in case we missed something in our initial release. We currently have no plans to restore it until a full review of its contents is carried out, and it is deemed acceptable under our rules.” BetaArchive said.

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WebSites Found Collecting Data from Online Forms Even Before You Even Click Submit

WebSites Found Collecting Data from Online Forms Even Before You Even Click Submit
'Do I really need to give this website so much about me?'

That's exactly what I usually think after filling but before submitting a web form online asking for my personal details to continue.

I am sure most of you would either close the whole tab or would edit already typed details (or filled up by browser's auto-fill feature) before clicking 'Submit' — Isn't it?

But closing the tab or editing your information hardly makes any difference because as soon as you have typed or auto-filled anything into the online form, the website captures it automatically in the background using JavaScript, even if you haven't clicked the Submit button.

During an investigation, Gizmodo has discovered that code from NaviStone used by hundreds of websites, invisibly grabs each piece of information as you fill it out in a web form before you could hit 'Send' or 'Submit.'

NaviStone is an Ohio-based startup that advertises itself as a service to unmask anonymous website visitors and find out their home addresses.

There are at least 100 websites that are using NaviStone's code, according to BuiltWith, a service that tells you what tech sites employ.

Gizmodo tested dozens of those websites and found that majority of sites captured visitors' email addresses only, but some websites also captured their personal information, like home addresses and other typed or auto-filled information.

How Websites Collect 'Data' Before Submitting Web Forms

Using JavaScript, the websites in question were sending user's typed or auto-filled information of an online form to a server at "," which is owned by NaviStone, leaving no option for people who immediately change their minds and close the page.

When the publication asked NaviStone that how it unmasks anonymous website visitors, the company denied revealing anything, saying that "its technology is proprietary and awaiting a patent."

However, when asked whether email addresses are gathered in order to identify the person and their home addresses, the company's chief operating officer Allen Abbott said NaviStone does not "use email addresses in any way to link with postal addresses or any other form of PII [Personal Identifiable Information]."

"Rather than use email addresses to generate advertising communications, we actually use the presence of an email address as a suppression factor, since it indicates that email, and not direct mail, is their preferred method of receiving advertising messages," Abbott said.

Some websites using NaviStone's code are collecting information on visitors who are not even their customers and do not share any relationship with the companies.

"Three sites—hardware site, gift site, and clothing site—sent us emails about items we'd left in our shopping carts using the email addresses we'd typed onto the site but had not formally submitted," Gizmodo writes.
After the story had gone live, NaviStone agreed to no longer collect email addresses from visitors this way, as Abbott said, "While we believe our technology has been appropriately used, we have decided to change the system operation such that email addresses are not captured until the visitor hits the 'submit' button."

Disable Auto-Fill; It’s Leaking Your Information!

In order to protect yourself from such websites collecting your data without your consent, you should consider disabling auto-fill form feature, which is turned on by default, in your browser, password manager or extension settings.

At the beginning this year, we also warned you about the Auto-fill feature, which automatically fills out web form based on data you have previously entered in similar fields but can be misused by attackers hiding fields (out of sight) in the web form and stealing your personal information without your knowledge.

Here's how to turn this Auto-Fill feature off in Your Web Browsers:

In Chrome, Go to Settings → Show Advanced Settings at the bottom, and under the Passwords and Forms section uncheck Enable Autofill box to fill out web forms with a single click.

In Opera, go to Settings → Autofill and turn it off.

In Safari, go to Preferences and click on AutoFill to turn it off.

Also, think twice before filling your details into any web form, before it gets too late.
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New GhostHook Attack Bypasses Windows 10 PatchGuard Protections

New GhostHook Attack Bypasses Windows 10 PatchGuard Protections
Vulnerabilities discovered in Microsoft PatchGuard kernel protection could allow hackers to plant rootkits on computers running the company's latest and secure operating system, Windows 10.

Researchers at CyberArk Labs have developed a new attack technique which could allow hackers to completely bypass PatchGuard, and hook a malicious kernel code (rootkits) at the kernel level.

PatchGuard, or (or Kernel Patch Protection) is a software tool that has been designed to forbid the kernel of 64-bit versions of Windows OS from being patched, preventing hackers from running rootkits or executing malicious code at the kernel level.

Dubbed GhostHook, the attack is what the CyberArk Labs researchers call the first attack technique that thwarts the defensive technology to bypass PatchGuard, though it requires a hacker to already be present on a compromised system and running code in the kernel.

So, basically, this is a post-exploitation attack.

"[GhostHook] is neither an elevation nor an exploitation technique. This technique is intended for a post-exploitation scenario where the attacker has control over the asset," CyberArk researchers said. 

"Since malicious kernel code (rootkits) often seeks to establish persistence in unfriendly territory, stealth technology plays a fundamental role."

 Running Rootkit at Kernel-Level in Windows 10

An attack scenario would include using a hacking exploit or malware first to compromise a target machine and then deploy GhostHook to set up a permanent, secret presence on a compromised 64-bit Windows 10 PC.

Once compromised, an attacker can plant a rootkit in the kernel of the compromised machine, which would be completely undetectable to third-party antivirus and security products and invisible to Microsoft's PatchGuard itself.

CyberArk believes the issue may be extremely difficult for Microsoft to patch, as the technique uses hardware to gain control of critical kernel structures.

GhostHook Exploits Weakness Microsoft's Implementation of Intel PT

GhostHook attack bypasses PatchGuard by leveraging a weakness in Microsoft's implementation of a relatively new feature in Intel processors called Intel PT (Processor Trace), specifically at the point where Intel PT talks to the operating system.

Released months after PatchGuard, Intel PT enables security vendors to monitor and trace commands that are executed in the CPU in an attempt to identify exploits, malware or code before they reach the main operating system.

Although this technology can be abused for legitimate purposes, attackers can also take advantage of the "buffer-is-going-full notification mechanism" in order to take control of a thread’s execution.

"How can we achieve that with Intel PT? Allocate an extremely small buffer for the CPU’s PT packets," the researchers said. "This way, the CPU will quickly run out of buffer space and will jump the PMI handler. The PMI handler is a piece of code controlled by us and will perform the 'hook.'"
Hooking techniques, which have both harmless (like application security solutions, system utilities, and tools for programming), as well as malicious (like rootkits) purpose, can give hackers control over the way an operating system or a piece of software behaves.

Microsoft in No Mood to Release a Fix, at least Right Now

Microsoft did not consider GhostHook as a serious threat and told the security firm that the company does not think any emergency any patch is needed but may address in a future version of Windows.

"The engineering team has finished their analysis of this report and determined that it requires the attacker already be running kernel code on the system," said a Microsoft's spokesperson. "As such, this does not meet the bar for servicing in a security update however it may be addressed in a future version of Windows. As such I have closed this case."
In response to this report, Microsoft also released a statement, which reads:

However, CyberArk is disappointed with the company's response, saying Microsoft should realize that PatchGuard is a kernel component which, in any case, should not be bypassed.

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Two British Men Arrested For Hacking Microsoft

Two British Men Arrested For Hacking Microsoft
British police have arrested two men in the UK conspiring to hack into the computer networks of US tech giant Microsoft with plans to steal customers’ data from the software giant.

The suspects — 22-year-old from Sleaford and a 25-year-old from Bracknell — were arrested by the detectives from the Britain's South East Regional Organised Crime Unit (SEROCU) Thursday morning (22 June 2017).

The UK authorities arrested them from their home in Lincolnshire and Bracknell and seized a number of devices after searching their home.

While it is still unclear what systems were targeted, SEROCU believes the suspects are part of a larger international group that involved breaking into the Microsoft's network between January 2017 and March 2017 to scoop up the customer information.

"This group is spread around the world and therefore the investigation is being coordinated with our various partners," Rob Bryant, detective sergeant SEROCU's Cyber Crime Unit said while announcing the arrest. "We have made two arrests in the UK this morning and have seized a number of devices." 

"We're still in the early stages of this investigation and will work with our partners to ensure that cyber criminals have no place to hide. It's too early to speculate on what information the group has accessed, however, after speaking with Microsoft we can confirm they didn't gain access to customer information."

Both the suspects, whose identities have not yet revealed by the police, are currently in custody and have been charged under the Britain's Computer Misuse Act for conspiracy to gain "unauthorised access" to protected computers belonging to Microsoft.

In response to the arrests, Tom Burt, Microsoft VP and deputy general counsel of the Digital Crimes Unit released a statement to BBC, saying:

"Today's action by authorities in the UK represents an important step...Stronger internet security depends on the ability to identify and prosecute cybercriminals. This requires not only a strong technical capability but the willingness to acknowledge issues publicly and refer them to law enforcement." 

"No company is immune from cybercrime. No customer data was accessed, and we're confident in the integrity of our software and systems. We have comprehensive measures in place to prevent, detect, and respond to attacks."
SEROCU officials said they are working with Europol, the NCA's National Cyber Crime Unit, the FBI, the East Midlands Special Operations Unit (EMSOU), and Microsoft's cyber team to investigate the intrusions and bring culprits to justice.
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Hackers Honda Stops Production After WannaCry Ransomware Hits its Computer

Hackers Honda Stops Production After WannaCry Ransomware Hits its Computer

It's been over a month since the WannaCry ransomware caused chaos worldwide and people have started counting its name as 'the things of past,' but… 

...WannaCry is not DEAD!

The self-spreading ransomware is still alive and is working absolutely fine.

The latest victims of WannaCry are Honda Motor Company and 55 speed and traffic light cameras in Australia.

The WannaCry ransomware shuts down hospitals, telecom providers, and many businesses worldwide, infecting over 300,000 Windows systems running SMBv1 in more than 150 countries within just 72 hours on 12th of May.

The worm was leveraging an NSA's Windows SMB exploit, dubbed EternalBlue, leaked by the infamous hacking group Shadow Brokers in its April data dump, along with other Windows exploits.

Honda Stops Production After WannaCry Hits its Computer

Honda Motor Company released a statement this week, saying the company was forced to halt its production for more than 24 hours at in one of its Japan-based factories after finding the WannaCry infections in its computer networks.

The automaker halted production of more than 1,000 at its Sayama plant, northwest of Tokyo, on Monday 19th June after it discovered that the ransomware had affected networks across Japan, North America, Europe, China, and other regions despite its efforts to secure systems in mid-May, according to a Wednesday report from Reuters.

While Honda did not say how WannaCry got into their networks 37 days after a researcher activated the kill switch, it's clear that the computers inside the Honda network were running unsupported versions of Windows OS or it did not install a highly critical patch released by Microsoft in March.

The Honda's Sayama plant, which produces the Accord sedan, Odyssey Minivan, Step Wagon compact multipurpose vehicle and more, produces around 1,000 vehicles per day.

Renault and Nissan were also infected by the WannaCry ransomware last month, which also forced them to temporarily stop their production at plants in Britain, India, Japan, France, and Romania.

WannaCry Hits 55 Traffic-Light and Speed Cameras in Australia

Another recent WannaCry victim was spotted in Australia when the Victoria Police confirmed that the ransomware infected a total of 55 red light cameras and speed cameras in Victoria via private camera operator Redflex.

The malware locked down critical files and demanded a ransom in return (WannaCry usually demands $300 to unlock files), according to the 3AW morning radio show.

"A system patch has been applied, which prevents the spread of the virus," the officials told the show. "The Department is in the process of removing the [WannaCry] virus from the affected cameras. The remaining websites will be rectified in the next couple of days."

The authorities believed the infection was the result of a targeted cyber attack, rather than 'human error,' likely on the part of a camera technician, and that WannaCry got onboard via a USB drive.

"Our advice at this stage is that a software virus has been detected however the camera system has not been compromised," the police said. "We will look into all incidents detected by the speed and red light cameras during the time in question as a matter of course. The integrity of the camera system has not been affected."

Well, it is quite surprising that even after knowing about the WannaCry issue for quite a decent amount of time, big companies have not yet implemented proper security measures to defend against the threat.

Ransomware has become an albatross around everyone's neck. Recently, a South Korean web hosting provider confirmed that the company had paid a record $1 Million ransom to hackers in return of its data following a ransomware attack over the weekend.

In cyberspace, Ignorance is not bliss. So, go and apply the goddamn patches and disable the unsecured, 30-year-old SMBv1 file-sharing protocol on your systems.

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Trump Wants Tech Leaders to Help The United State Save $1 Trillion

Trump Wants Tech Leaders to Help The United State Save $1 Trillion
President Donald Trump aims to save taxpayers US$1 trillion over the next 10 years with a little help from America's high-tech industry.

"Our goal is to lead a sweeping transformation of the federal government's technology that will deliver dramatically better services for citizens," the president said Monday at a roundtable session of the American Technology Council, composed of the leaders of 18 U.S. tech firms including Apple, Amazon and Microsoft.

"We're embracing big change, bold thinking and outsider perspectives to transform government and make it the way it should be, and at far less cost," he declared.

Outdated federal IT is a big problem, the president acknowledged, but "we're going to be working on it and we're going to solve the problem, and up to a trillion dollars in savings for taxpayers over the next 10 years. Over a trillion."


Although savings from upgrading federal IT could be substantial, the $1 trillion number may be overly optimistic.

"The president's estimate of $1 trillion in savings over a decade sounds like it was made up in the fly," Charles King, principal analyst at Pund-IT, told TechNewsWorld.

The president also told participants in the roundtable discussion that his administration is fixing airport systems, upgrading Defense Department and Veterans Administration systems for seamless transfer of information between the agencies, and working diligently on immigration so tech companies can get the foreign workers they need to continue to innovate.

Where's the Money?

The president last month signed an executive order calling for modernization of federal IT.
"The modernization plan required by that order isn't due until August, so we'll have to wait for that to learn what, specifically, 'modernization' entails," said Julian Sanchez, a senior fellow at the Cato Institute.

"It will be months, if not years, from there before we can assess whether it's actually being implemented effectively," he told TechNewsWorld.

The focus of the order is on upgrading antiquated federal hardware and software. That will require money -- money that appears to be absent from the president's budget.

"If you're talking about an IT overhaul of the federal government, I didn't see a comprehensive plan in any of the budget documents that I went through," said Chris Bronk, an assistant professor in the College of Technology at the University of Houston.
"You're not going to get results from big changes if you don't have federal executives with a mandate to make the changes," Bronk told TechNewsWorld.

"The Trump administration is just slow at bringing people into federal jobs," he pointed out. "We don't even have a federal CIO yet. Without a federal CIO, how can you have a federal modernization strategy?"

Shared Services

The executive order also calls for moving to shared IT infrastructure and cloud services, a process started by the Obama administration.

Moving to shared infrastructure and cloud services "entails up-front costs, but has the potential to save the government a decent amount of change in the long run by exploiting economies of scale -- and by scaling better as the demands of individual agencies change -- as well as making it easier to harden federal systems against cyberattack," Cato's Sanchez noted.

Sweeping changes in federal IT have been proposed before, but they tend to lose steam quickly.
"Consider that the government maintains a massive underground facility where federal employee records are still maintained on paper after decades of failed efforts at a digital transition," Sanchez observed.

"You have all the usual hurdles of sweeping technology changes in large institutions coupled with the red tape -- some of it there for sound reasons, like avoiding corruption or ensuring the privacy of citizens' sensitive data -- that makes federal procurement a slower and more cumbersome process than most businesses have to deal with," he added.

Archaic hardware and software is just part of the problem.

"There is no central 'buyer' of IT solutions and services. That means individual institutions, agencies and groups negotiate with vendors they choose," explained Pund-IT's King.

"That tends to make systems costlier and more complex than necessary, and stymies integration efforts," he continued. "Unless those issues are also targeted by the president's plan, its hoped-for benefits will be difficult or impossible to achieve."

Closing Industry-Government Divide

The president's attempt to give the nation's tech industry a bigger role in transforming federal IT has promise, said Jim McGregor, principal analyst at Tirias Research.

"Past administrations have told the tech industry, 'we want your guidance,'" he told TechNewsWorld. "This is the first time I've seen a president say, 'Our IT infrastructure is out of date.' It's the first time I've seen the whole IT discussion go all the way to the president."
What's more, a government-industry partnership could help close the virtual divide between the sectors.

"We hope that divide closes, because it's important they cooperate," McGregor said.
"Drawing on insights from Silicon Valley -- something the previous administration also tried to emphasize -- could yield real gains if there's the will and focus to follow through on a transformative approach," Cato's Sanchez added.

However, "it could also easily become an excuse for annual photo ops with tech celebrities, which doesn't yield anything concrete," he acknowledged.

"I'll hope for the former," said Sanchez, "but I won't be shocked if we get the latter."

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Xbox One X Review: More Speed, More Muscle, More Power

Xbox One X Review: More Speed, More Muscle, More Power
Microsoft earlier this week announced the next version of its Xbox line of gaming consoles, ahead of E3 2017, now ongoing in Los Angeles.

The new Xbox One X, which goes on sale Nov. 7 for US$499, is slimmer than previous models and packed with power.

With a 6-teraflop Scorpio engine, the One X has 40 percent faster graphics performance than its chief rival, Sony's PS4 Pro.

The custom Scorpio engine in the Microsoft box burns chrome at 1172 MHz -- a 37 percent increase over its predecessor, Xbox One, and 28 percent faster than PS4 Pro.

Since the inside of a console can get hot running at those speeds, Xbox engineers kept things cool with a liquid-cooled vapor chamber, a technology used on high octane PC gaming cards.

Performance vs. Features

"It's smoking," Jim McGregor, principal analyst at Tirias Research, said of the One X's performance.

"They went for the most performance they could possibly get out it," he told TechNewsWorld.
Performance prowess, though, is just one factor contributing to success in the console market.
Traditionally, game content drives the purchase and upgrades of game consoles, explained Brett Sappington, director of research at Parks Associates. Sony leads the console market in exclusive game content, and nothing yet from E3 indicates that advantage to have changed.

"Though there are improvements in power, the Xbox One X does not offer any new differentiating features to drive purchases. Essentially, it is a more powerful Xbox One S," he told TechNewsWorld.

"The PS4 still offers a variety of features that are not available in the Xbox One X, such as remote play and VR," Sappington continued, "and the Nintendo Switch differentiates itself with its motion controllers, haptic feedback technology, and TV-connected-to-portable functionality."

True 4K Gaming

One X has supersampling built into the console, which results in games with more visible detail and smoother edges, as well as more efficient loading times, according to Microsoft.

With 2160 frame buffers, as well as high dynamic range and wide color gamut support, the console is built for true 4K gaming, the company said. What's more, game clips can be recorded in 4K at 60 frames per second, and screenshots can be captured in 4K.

"This is a true 4K console, whereas Sony is using techniques to approach true 4K," noted Ross Rubin, principal analyst at Reticle Research.

"In practice, it's going to come down to what resolution game developers are going to support," he told TechNewsWorld.

The One X offers an immersive audio experience that can put a player in the center of spatial sound.

Backward Compatibility

Like its predecessor, One X has a 4K UHD Blu-ray player, built-in power supply, three USB 3.0 ports (one in the front and two in the back) and an IR blaster.

The 4K UHD Blu-ray player remains a strength of the Xbox over PS4, observed Michael Inouye, principal analyst at ABI Research.

"The PS4 Pro only includes a standard Blu-ray drive, which did engender some complaints from the Sony faithful," he told TechNewsWorld.

"Even if the consumer isn't planning to buy or rent UHD Blu-ray discs," Inouye continued, "it does complete the picture of a true 4K media player-gaming machine, which speaks to the product's image."

All existing Xbox One games, including Xbox Play Anywhere titles, are compatible with the One X. In addition, a number of existing games are being enhanced for the new console. They include Gears of War 4Forza Horizon 3MinecraftResident Evil 7Final Fantasy 15 and Rocket League. What's more, a true 4K version of Forza Motorsport 7 will be available Oct. 3.

Backward compatibility gives the Xbox a feature that PS4 doesn't have, but that omission didn't prevent Sony's console from outselling the Xbox One, noted Parks' Sappington.

"Backward compatibility eliminates a potential barrier to purchase, but it does not provide an incentive to purchase the Xbox One X over the Xbox One S," he said.

"Backward compatibility is a nice-to-have feature which resonates with some vocal Xbox users," said Piers Harding-Rolls, head of games research at IHS Markit.

Still, "it is a value-added proposition and not a system seller," he told TechNewsWorld.

Online Gaming

Pricing could be a problem for the One X. It's $100 more than the PS4, and a $50 price break on the Sony console is likely around the time Microsoft's new console is scheduled to reach retailers, according to Sappington.

"For the mainstream consumers or more casual gamers, the additional power likely won't resonate with them as much as those more deeply rooted into the hobby," ABI's Inouye said. "Plus, if they don't have a 4K TV, they might feel even less compelled to upgrade, even though there are some benefits for 1080p sets as well."

The One X's pricing is OK for the unit's target audience, maintained IHS' Harding-Rolls.
"Even if the price point was revealed to be higher than $499, we did not expect this to impact sales of the console at launch," he said. "Xbox enthusiasts will pay significant sums to get hold of the latest and greatest."

Microsoft will sell 500,000 One X's during this year's fourth quarter, Harding-Rolls predicted.
In addition to its Xbox consoles, Microsoft has Xbox Live -- a large online network for playing games. The network uses dedicated servers to enhance performance, speed and reliability.

"I would expect that by now Microsoft would be pushing more for online gaming and streaming, and they're not," said McGregor, who is also an Xbox owner.

"They're still pushing for those hardcore games that are on the device," he pointed out. "I think they were counting on the bandwidth being there for console-quality online gaming, and it's not."

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Awesome Responsive Sharing Buttons For Bloggers Blog (Blogspot)

Awesome Responsive Sharing Buttons For Bloggers Blog (Blogspot)
Are you a blogger on the popular Google Blogspot that wants to promote its content with share Buttons i mean a very responsive one, I know Every blogger wants to promote their articles/posts, and the best, effective, popular method for sharing content for free in social media like Facebook, Twitter and google Plus.

And you know there's very less to no probability that a visitor will directly copy the post link and share that on his/her social profile they cant go through all those stress, you cant rally blame them the fact is you cant do such thing to. So to increase the sharing rate of your blog content we are here with Ridiculously Responsive Social Sharing Buttons a.k.a RRSSB. RRSSB was developed by Daniel Box and we customize the code to let this awesome thing support Blogger platform as well. We customized this code for all the newbies and bloggers which don't have better understanding of HTML and CSS and Blogger codes.

Features Of This Share Button;

It is flexible system that works in any container.
- SASS-powered
- Retina ready
- SVG images
- Auto-magical resizing
- Compressed Code
- Fast loading

Preview: Ridiculously Responsive Social Sharing Buttons

Steps In Adding Responsive Social Sharing Buttons.

Step 1: Open your Blogger dashboard and choose the blog you want to add it to.

Step 2: Navigate to >>Theme>>Edit HTML

Step 3: Click anywhere in the code and press Ctrl+F and search for </body>

Step 4: Copy the code given below and place it above/before </body>
<script type='text/javascript'>//<![CDATA[
 *  Ridiculously Responsive Social Sharing Buttons
 *  Customized for Blogger by: Code Nirvana ( )

(function(e,t,n){"use strict";var r=function(){t(".rrssb-buttons").each(function(e){var n=t(this),r=t("li",n).length,i=100/r;t("li",n).css("width",i+"%").attr("data-initwidth",i)})},i=function(){t(".rrssb-buttons").each(function(e){var n=t(this),r=parseFloat(t(n).width()),i=t("li",n).not(".small").first().width(),s=t("li.small",n).length;i>170&&s<1?t(n).addClass("large-format"):t(n).removeClass("large-format");r<200?t(n).removeClass("small-format").addClass("tiny-format"):t(n).removeClass("tiny-format")})},s=function(){t(".rrssb-buttons").each(function(e){var n=t(this),r=0,i=0,s,o,a=t("li.small",n).length;if(a===t("li",n).length){var f=a*42,l=parseFloat(t(n).width());s=t("li.small",n).first();o=parseFloat(t(s).attr("data-size"))+55;if(f+o<l){t(n).removeClass("small-format");t("li.small",n).first().removeClass("small");u()}}else{t("li",n).not(".small").each(function(e){var n=parseFloat(t(this).attr("data-size"))+55,s=parseFloat(t(this).width());r+=s;i+=n});var c=r-i;s=t("li.small",n).first();o=parseFloat(t(s).attr("data-size"))+55;if(o<c){t(s).removeClass("small");u()}}})},o=function(e){t(".rrssb-buttons").each(function(e){var n=t(this),r=t("li",n).nextAll(),i=r.length;t(t("li",n).get().reverse()).each(function(e,r){if(t(this).hasClass("small")===!1){var i=parseFloat(t(this).attr("data-size"))+55,o=parseFloat(t(this).width());if(i>o){var a=t("li",n).not(".small").last();t(a).addClass("small");u()}}--r||s()})});e===!0&&f(u)},u=function(){t(".rrssb-buttons").each(function(e){var n=t(this),i,s,o,u,a,f=t("li.small",n).length;if(f>0&&f!==t("li",n).length){t(n).removeClass("small-format");t("li.small",n).css("width","42px");o=f*42;i=t("li",n).not(".small").length;s=100/i;a=o/i;navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Chrome")>=0||navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Safari")>=0?u="-webkit-calc("+s+"% - "+a+"px)":navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Firefox")>=0?u="-moz-calc("+s+"% - "+a+"px)":u="calc("+s+"% - "+a+"px)";t("li",n).not(".small").css("width",u)}else if(f===t("li",n).length){t(n).addClass("small-format");r()}else{t(n).removeClass("small-format");r()}});i()},a=function(){t(".rrssb-buttons").each(function(e){t(this).addClass("rrssb-"+(e+1))});r();t(".rrssb-buttons li .text").each(function(e){var n=parseFloat(t(this).width());t(this).closest("li").attr("data-size",n)});o(!0)},f=function(e){t(".rrssb-buttons li.small").removeClass("small");o();e()},l=function(t,r,i,s){var o=e.screenLeft!==n?e.screenLeft:screen.left,u=e.screenTop!==n?,a=e.innerWidth?e.innerWidth:document.documentElement.clientWidth?document.documentElement.clientWidth:screen.width,f=e.innerHeight?e.innerHeight:document.documentElement.clientHeight?document.documentElement.clientHeight:screen.height,l=a/2-i/2+o,c=f/3-s/3+u,,r,"scrollbars=yes, width="+i+", height="+s+", top="+c+", left="+l);e.focus&&h.focus()},c=function(){var e={};return function(t,n,r){r||(r="Don't call this twice without a uniqueId");e[r]&&clearTimeout(e[r]);e[r]=setTimeout(t,n)}}();t(".rrssb-buttons a.popup").on("click",function(e){var n=t(this);l(n.attr("href"),n.find(".text").html(),580,470);e.preventDefault()});t(e).resize(function(){f(u);c(function(){f(u)},200,"finished resizing")});t(document).ready(function(){a()})})(window,jQuery);

/* RRSSB: JavaScript Ends */
Step 5: Again hit Ctrl+F and this time search for ]]></b:skin>

Step 6: Copy the CSS given below and paste it above/before ]]></b:skin>

/***********RRSS Buttons***********/

.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a,.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a .text{-webkit-backface-visibility:hidden;-moz-backface-visibility:hidden;-ms-backface-visibility:hidden}.rrssb-buttons,.rrssb-buttons li,.rrssb-buttons li a{-moz-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box}.clearfix{*zoom:1}.clearfix:after{clear:both}.clearfix:before,.clearfix:after{content:" ";display:table}.rrssb-buttons{font-family:"Helvetica Neue",Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif;height:36px;margin:0;padding:0!important;width:100%}.rrssb-buttons li{float:left;height:100%;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0 2.5px;line-height:13px}.rrssb-buttons a{background-color:#0a88ff}.rrssb-buttons a:hover{background-color:#006ed6}.rrssb-buttons li.facebook a{background-color:#306199}.rrssb-buttons li.facebook a:hover{background-color:#244872}.rrssb-buttons li.tumblr a{background-color:#32506d}.rrssb-buttons li.tumblr a:hover{background-color:#22364a}.rrssb-buttons li.linkedin a{background-color:#007bb6}.rrssb-buttons li.linkedin a:hover{background-color:#005983}.rrssb-buttons li.twitter a{background-color:#26c4f1}.rrssb-buttons li.twitter a:hover{background-color:#0eaad6}.rrssb-buttons li.googleplus a{background-color:#e93f2e}.rrssb-buttons li.googleplus a:hover{background-color:#ce2616}.rrssb-buttons a{background-color:#df1c31}.rrssb-buttons a:hover{background-color:#b21627}.rrssb-buttons li.reddit a{background-color:#8bbbe3}.rrssb-buttons li.reddit a:hover{background-color:#62a3d9}.rrssb-buttons li.pinterest a{background-color:#b81621}.rrssb-buttons li.pinterest a:hover{background-color:#8a1119}.rrssb-buttons li.pocket a{background-color:#ed4054}.rrssb-buttons li.pocket a:hover{background-color:#e4162d}.rrssb-buttons li.github a{background-color:#444}.rrssb-buttons li.github a:hover{background-color:#2b2b2b}.rrssb-buttons li a{background-color:#ccc;border-radius:2px;display:block;font-size:11px;font-weight:bold;height:100%;padding:11px 7px 12px 27px;position:relative;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;text-transform:uppercase;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;width:100%;-webkit-transition:background-color 0.2s ease-in-out;-moz-transition:background-color 0.2s ease-in-out;-o-transition:background-color 0.2s ease-in-out;transition:background-color 0.2s ease-in-out}.rrssb-buttons li a .icon{display:block;height:100%;left:10px;padding-top:9px;position:absolute;top:0;width:10%}.rrssb-buttons li a .icon svg{height:17px;width:17px}.rrssb-buttons li a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons li a .icon svg polygon{fill:#fff}.rrssb-buttons li a .text{color:#fff}.rrssb-buttons li a:active{box-shadow:inset 1px 3px 15px 0 rgba(22,0,0,0.25)}.rrssb-buttons li.small a{padding:0}.rrssb-buttons li.small a .icon{height:100%;left:auto;margin:0 auto;overflow:hidden;position:relative;top:auto;width:100%}.rrssb-buttons li.small a .text{visibility:hidden}.rrssb-buttons.large-format{height:auto}.rrssb-buttons.large-format li{height:auto}.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a{font-size:15px;font-size:1vw;padding:7% 0% 7% 12%;border-radius:0.2em;line-height:1vw}.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a .icon{left:7%;padding-top:0;width:12%}.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a .icon svg{height:100%;width:100%}.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a .text{font-size:15px;font-size:1vw}.rrssb-buttons.large-format li a:hover{font-size:15px;font-size:1vw;padding:7% 0% 7% 12%;border-radius:0.2em}.rrssb-buttons.small-format{padding-top:5px}.rrssb-buttons.small-format li{height:80%;padding:0 1.5px}.rrssb-buttons.small-format li a .icon{height:100%;padding-top:0}.rrssb-buttons.small-format li a .icon svg{height:48%;position:relative;top:6px;width:80%}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format{height:22px;position:relative}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li{padding-right:7px}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li a{background-color:transparent;padding:0}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li a .icon svg{height:70%;width:100%}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li a:hover,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li a:active{background-color:transparent}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon svg polygon{fill:#0a88ff}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#0054a3}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.facebook a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.facebook a .icon svg polygon{fill:#306199}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.facebook a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.facebook a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#18304b}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.tumblr a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.tumblr a .icon svg polygon{fill:#32506d}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.tumblr a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.tumblr a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#121d27}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.linkedin a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.linkedin a .icon svg polygon{fill:#007bb6}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.linkedin a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.linkedin a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#003650}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.twitter a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.twitter a .icon svg polygon{fill:#26c4f1}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.twitter a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.twitter a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#0b84a6}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.googleplus a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.googleplus a .icon svg polygon{fill:#e93f2e}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.googleplus a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.googleplus a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#a01e11}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon svg polygon{fill:#df1c31}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#84111d}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.reddit a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.reddit a .icon svg polygon{fill:#8bbbe3}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.reddit a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.reddit a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#398bcf}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pinterest a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pinterest a .icon svg polygon{fill:#b81621}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pinterest a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pinterest a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#5d0b11}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pocket a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pocket a .icon svg polygon{fill:#ed4054}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pocket a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.pocket a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#b61124}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.github a .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.github a .icon svg polygon{fill:#444}.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.github a .icon:hover .icon svg path,.rrssb-buttons.tiny-format li.github a .icon:hover .icon svg polygon{fill:#111}

/***********RRSS Buttons Ends***********/ 
Step 7: 
Now you just have to add the required HTML for the buttons but be 
careful now this is the most important and confusing step of this 
tutorial i.e, to find the proper place of post footer which usually very
 for every blog with custom template.

So according to most of the templates, search for <data:post.body/> in your code and just below it paste the following HTML.

<ul class='rrssb-buttons'>
 <li class='email'>
  <a expr:href='&quot;mailto:?subject=Check%20out%20&quot; + data:post.title + &quot;&amp;body=Visit:%20&quot; + data:post.canonicalUrl '><span class='icon'><svg enable-background='new 0 0 28 28' height='28px' version='1.1' viewBox='0 0 28 28' width='28px' x='0px' xml:space='preserve' xmlns='' xmlns:xlink='' y='0px'><g><path d='M20.111 26.147c-2.336 1.051-4.361 1.401-7.125 1.401c-6.462 0-12.146-4.633-12.146-12.265 c0-7.94 5.762-14.833 14.561-14.833c6.853 0 11.8 4.7 11.8 11.252c0 5.684-3.194 9.265-7.399 9.3 c-1.829 0-3.153-0.934-3.347-2.997h-0.077c-1.208 1.986-2.96 2.997-5.023 2.997c-2.532 0-4.361-1.868-4.361-5.062 c0-4.749 3.504-9.071 9.111-9.071c1.713 0 3.7 0.4 4.6 0.973l-1.169 7.203c-0.388 2.298-0.116 3.3 1 3.4 c1.673 0 3.773-2.102 3.773-6.58c0-5.061-3.27-8.994-9.303-8.994c-5.957 0-11.175 4.673-11.175 12.1 c0 6.5 4.2 10.2 10 10.201c1.986 0 4.089-0.43 5.646-1.245L20.111 26.147z M16.646 10.1 c-0.311-0.078-0.701-0.155-1.207-0.155c-2.571 0-4.595 2.53-4.595 5.529c0 1.5 0.7 2.4 1.9 2.4 c1.441 0 2.959-1.828 3.311-4.087L16.646 10.068z'/></g></svg></span><span class='text'>email</span></a>
 <li class='facebook'>
  <a class='popup' expr:href='&quot;; + data:post.canonicalUrl + &quot;&amp;t=&quot; + data:post.title ' title='Share on Facebook'><span class='icon'><svg enable-background='new 0 0 28 28' height='28px' id='Layer_1' version='1.1' viewBox='0 0 28 28' width='28px' x='0px' xml:space='preserve' xmlns='' xmlns:xlink='' y='0px'><path d='M27.825,4.783c0-2.427-2.182-4.608-4.608-4.608H4.783c-2.422,0-4.608,2.182-4.608,4.608v18.434                                         c0,2.427,2.181,4.608,4.608,4.608H14V17.379h-3.379v-4.608H14v-1.795c0-3.089,2.335-5.885,5.192-5.885h3.718v4.608h-3.726                                         c-0.408,0-0.884,0.492-0.884,1.236v1.836h4.609v4.608h-4.609v10.446h4.916c2.422,0,4.608-2.188,4.608-4.608V4.783z'/></svg></span><span class='text'>facebook</span></a>
 <li class='linkedin'>
  <a class='popup' expr:href='&quot;;url=&quot; + data:post.canonicalUrl + &quot;&amp;title=&quot; + data:post.title ' title='Share on Linkedin'><span class='icon'><svg enable-background='new 0 0 28 28' height='28px' id='Layer_1' version='1.1' viewBox='0 0 28 28' width='28px' x='0px' xml:space='preserve' xmlns='' xmlns:xlink='' y='0px'><path d='M25.424,15.887v8.447h-4.896v-7.882c0-1.979-0.709-3.331-2.48-3.331c-1.354,0-2.158,0.911-2.514,1.803                                         c-0.129,0.315-0.162,0.753-0.162,1.194v8.216h-4.899c0,0,0.066-13.349,0-14.731h4.899v2.088c-0.01,0.016-0.023,0.032-0.033,0.048                                         h0.033V11.69c0.65-1.002,1.812-2.435,4.414-2.435C23.008,9.254,25.424,11.361,25.424,15.887z M5.348,2.501                                         c-1.676,0-2.772,1.092-2.772,2.539c0,1.421,1.066,2.538,2.717,2.546h0.032c1.709,0,2.771-1.132,2.771-2.546                                         C8.054,3.593,7.019,2.501,5.343,2.501H5.348z M2.867,24.334h4.897V9.603H2.867V24.334z'/></svg></span><span class='text'>linkedin</span></a>
 <li class='twitter'>
  <a class='popup' expr:href='&quot;; + data:post.title + &quot; &quot; + data:post.canonicalUrl ' title='Share on Twitter'><span class='icon'><svg enable-background='new 0 0 28 28' height='28px' id='Layer_1' version='1.1' viewBox='0 0 28 28' width='28px' x='0px' xml:space='preserve' xmlns='' xmlns:xlink='' y='0px'><path d='M24.253,8.756C24.689,17.08,18.297,24.182,9.97,24.62c-3.122,0.162-6.219-0.646-8.861-2.32                                     c2.703,0.179,5.376-0.648,7.508-2.321c-2.072-0.247-3.818-1.661-4.489-3.638c0.801,0.128,1.62,0.076,2.399-0.155                                     C4.045,15.72,2.215,13.6,2.115,11.077c0.688,0.275,1.426,0.407,2.168,0.386c-2.135-1.65-2.729-4.621-1.394-6.965                                     C5.575,7.816,9.54,9.84,13.803,10.071c-0.842-2.739,0.694-5.64,3.434-6.482c2.018-0.623,4.212,0.044,5.546,1.683                                     c1.186-0.213,2.318-0.662,3.329-1.317c-0.385,1.256-1.247,2.312-2.399,2.942c1.048-0.106,2.069-0.394,3.019-0.851                                     C26.275,7.229,25.39,8.196,24.253,8.756z'/></svg></span><span class='text'>twitter</span></a>
 <li class='reddit'>
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Database of Over 198 Million U.S. Voters Left Exposed On Unsecured Server

 Database of Over 198 Million U.S. Voters Left Exposed On Unsecured Server

Vickery discovered the exposed databases on June 12, which included uniquely identified data on each voter, including their first and last name, date of birth, phone number, home and mailing address, party affiliation, voter registration data, and ethnicity, along with a flag should the person appear on the federal Do-Not-Call registry.

Deep Root Analytics, which is a big data analytics firm that helps advertisers identify audiences for political ads, confirmed to the Gizmodo in a statement on Monday, saying "We take full responsibility for this situation."

"Consisting primarily of two file repositories, a 256 GB folder for the 2008 presidential election and a 233 GB folder for 2012, each containing fifty-one files - one for every state, as well as the District of Columbia," explained UpGuard's Dan O'Sullivan in a blog post.

Also, one folder called "Post-Elect 2016" contained information on voters’ likely views about topics like whether they voted for former President Barack Obama and US President Donald Trump’s "America First" foreign policy.

Deep Root has contracted a security firm, Stroz Friedberg, to perform a thorough investigation of the data exposure.

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